Cost-effectiveness analysis of infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, vedolizumab and tofacitinib for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis in Spain

ObjectiveDespite the biological drugs, the treatment of moderate to severe ulcerative colitis is still a challenge, particularly in resource-limited settings. The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of biological drugs and tofacitinib for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis in the Spanish context.
MethodsA Markov model was built to simulate the progression of moderate to severe ulcerative colitis in a cohort of patients. The model used a time horizon of 10 years. The perspective chosen was the National Health Service, with a discount rate of 3%, and a threshold of 30,000/quality adjusted life-year (QALY). It carried out a one-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis.
ResultsThe comparison of infliximab with adalimumab and golimumab estimated an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of 43,928.07/QALY and 31,340.69/QALY, with a difference of – 0.43 and – 0.82 QALY, respectively. Vedolizumab vs infliximab achieved an ICER of 122,890.19/QALY with a gain of 0.46 QALY. The comparison of infliximab with tofacitinib yielded an estimated ICER of 270,503.19/QALY, with a slight gain in QALY (0.16). The one-way sensitivity analysis showed a robust study.
ConclusionFor a threshold of 30,000/QALY, adalimumab was the most cost-effective treatment versus infliximab for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis in Spain.